Ophthalmological diseases

Here you can discover the most important eye diseases and we will help you to recognise their symptoms and tell you how each condition is treated.


What is hyperopia?

Like myopia, hyperopia is also a refractive defect or error in visual focusing. In the case of hyperopic eyes, instead of focusing on the retina, images are focused behind it, resulting in blurred vision of close objects. Hyperopia is strongly hereditary and is congenital in many cases. In fact, about 70% of children have physiological hyperopia, the symptoms of which are mostly neutralised by the elasticity of the cornea.

 Healthy eye
Healthy eye


The main symptom associated with hyperopia is blurred vision of near objects. However, this symptom usually manifests with age, because over time the lens loses its ability to accommodate, which compensates for presbyopia in the eyes of young patients. That is why many of the symptoms that occur in young patients are not directly related to vision. It is important to detect them in order to avoid complications that can arise from untreated hyperopia, such as strabismus and amblyopia (lazy eye) in children. Other symptoms may include:

  • Headache
  • Tired, sore or red eyes
  • Regular eye rubbing or frowning
  • In children, symptoms that may not be readily associated with vision, such as problems at school or maladjustment


Although hyperopia cannot be cured, it can be corrected by various methods:

  • Wearing glasses or contact lenses.
  • Refractive laser eye surgery (LASIK is the most frequently used technique due to its safety and efficacy).
  • Intraocular lenses implants. In some cases, other surgical techniques may be applied, such as phakic intraocular lens implantation or removal of the lens and implantation of an intraocular lens.

In all cases, hyperopia should be treated individually to ensure the treatment used is optimal for each patient.